BIOACTIVITIES OF GUETTARDA SPECIOSA L. EXTRACTS
Journal: Acta Scientifica Malaysia (ASM)
Author: Saravanan Vivekanandarajah Sathasivampillai, Moon Jain, Pholtan Rajeev Sebastian Rajamanoharan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Guettarda speciosa L. is a tree of the Rubiaceae family. G. specious has been used to treat diarrhea, abscesses, wounds, epilepsy, and malaria in ethnomedicinal systems. So far, there is no systematic review for the bioactivities of G. speciosa. Therefore, the purpose of this minireview is to analyze, summarize and document the reported bioactivities of G. speciosa. Major electronic databases (Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Semantic Scholar) were used to identify related studies from 1900 to January 2021. So far, in vivo and in vitro scientific data are available for the bioactivities of this plant species. Studies have reported that G. speciosa contains antidiarrheal, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antimalarial, antineurodegenerative, and antioxidant activities. Furthermore, no bioactive compound of G. speciosa has been isolated. This work will be useful for researchers interested in bioactivity and phytochemical researches.