COMPARATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL, MINERAL, PROXIMATE AND ORGANIC COMPOUND STUDY OF FOLIAR EXTRACTS OF CAPSICUM SPECIES WITH THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIALS
Journal: Acta Scientifica Malaysia (ASM)
Author: Adeyinka O. Adepoju, Milson M Roy Macaulay, Ifeoluwa O Omotoso, Aderiike G Adewumi, Olukemi A. Osundara
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Capsicum variants are significant spices in traditional diets because they provide nutritional and medicinal benefits and contain high levels of vitamins A and C. Determining the near-term, chemical, biochemical, and antibacterial potentials of foliar extracts of Capsicum annuum and C. chinense is the main goal of this work. The primary goal of this study was to examine the biochemical components of the extracts of Capsicum spp. in relation to their antibacterial potentials. Standard techniques were used to study the proximate and phytochemical analyses of these extracts, and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) was employed to assess the elemental and organic content of the leaves. By using the disc-diffusion method, the bioactive components and antibacterial efficacy of 7 bacterial and 3 fungus isolates were examined. The biochemical analyses showed that the leaves have a high crude protein content and low dry matter content. Studies on phytochemicals revealed that among the other phytochemicals found, C. annuum and C. chinense were rich in cardiac glycoside but low in tannin. In the extracts of the, it was discovered that Mn, Zn, Cu, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Fe, and P were among the different mineral elements present. There were found to be 16 different organic compounds in all, falling into five different chemical categories: esters, alkanoates, alkanoic acids, alkanols, and alkanes. The methanolic extracts of C. annuum and C. chinense exhibit notable effectiveness against all chosen bacterial and fungal isolates when used at a dosage range. These plant species’ methanolic extracts were discovered to be full of chemical and biological components. As a result, these chemicals’ synergistic actions are anticipated to have positive effects on nutrition and health. Therefore, it is advised to consume a lot of food that contains these components.